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Benefits of Incineration as a Form of Waste Management Incineration is the process of waste management that entails the combustion of organic waste. Incineration transforms the waste to heat, ash and flue gas. The process has become one of the most used waste disposal mechanisms and has replaced waste disposal through landfills as landfills are becoming lesser and lesser each day. The heat generated by incineration can be tapped to generate power by use of WtE-Waste-to-energy technologies. This process is now prevalent in majority of municipal waste management. There are many benefits that can be obtained from incineration as a form of waste management compared to other waste management means. Saves on Transportation costs Due to its safety, incineration plants can be situated near or in towns. In this case therefore, the price of having to transport the waste for many miles outside the town is eliminated. Waste control through landfills demands that the waste be transported to these websites and most of them are often located away from the city which makes it very pricey. However incineration cuts on such transportation costs and the money saved can be used to run other important projects.
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Incineration can burn roughly 90 percent of the waste generated in a given area. This makes incineration the most reliable and benign form of waste management. Other waste management forms such as landfills facilitate only the decomposition of organic waste while it keeps nonorganic waste piling up. Requires Less Land Incineration plants occupy a tiny area. Incineration reduces the volume of initial waste to almost 10%. Incineration is particularly significant in urban cities in which there is scarcity of land. Instead of landfills where people have to search for new zones each time one is full, incineration sites are built just ones and may be used over and over again. Generation of Electricity The heat produced during the incineration of waste can be harnessed through the use of waste-to-energy technologies to produce electricity. This energy can be used to cater for energy needs of the people living nearby. The energy produced is very clean and may be used to replace or reduce the use of fossil fuels hence saving on the emission of harmful gases to the environment. Not Affected by Weather Conditions Incinerators don’t have any favorable weather conditions. They are made in way that they are operated in whatever conditions that might prevail as opposed to landfills which might be affected during the rainy season as the waste transportation vehicles might get stuck. Less or no Contamination The gases generated through incineration are not toxic to the environment. Also incineration does not contaminate groundwater as landfills do. In addition, it avoids environmental dangers which could be due to other waste management techniques such as deep sea dumping of waste that may destroy aqua life. Produces Odor Free Residue The bottom ash residue produced after incineration has been proved to be non-hazardous and is odor free. The residue can be recycled and used as a construction aggregate.